What is a tooth cyst?

"Reasons for the formation

A cyst occurs for a number of the following reasons:

  • trauma to the tooth tissue;
  • infectious infection of the dental canal;
  • chronic diseases of the nasopharynx - rhinitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis;
  • periodontitis - inflammation of the teeth;
  • pulpitis - inflammation in the nerve bundle;
  • the formation of inflammation under the tooth crown;
  • caries.

The risk of developing pathology increases with a suppressed immune system, a difficult exit from the gum of a wisdom tooth. Cystic formation can appear on the molars and in young children on milk teeth. There are known cases of diagnosing cysts in newborn children, which in many cases can be taken for the eruption of molars. In newborns, neoplasms are not treated, they dissolve on their own due to gum friction. Given the fact that the cyst in babies cannot be identified independently, parents are advised to visit a pediatric dentist in the "Sa Nata" Clinic during the onset of teething of the first molar in the child.

Types of pathology, taking into account the reasons for the formation: teething - formed in childhood from 7 to 10 years; retromolar - a difficult exit of a wisdom tooth; tooth-containing or follicular - getting into the tooth germ of an infection; primary - impaired development of dental tissue; radicular - a cyst of a tooth root. A cyst can occur at the site of the removed tooth tissue, this type of pathology is called residual.

"Features of the residual cyst

The main reason for the appearance of a neoplasm after resection of tooth tissue is poor-quality treatment of a dental instrument, which causes infection of soft tissues. Infectious infection can occur due to non-compliance of the patient with hygiene rules after the procedure. To prevent infection after removal, antibacterial spectrum drugs are always prescribed.

"Clinical picture

A tooth with a cyst is not immediately detected. At the initial stage of formation, there are no symptoms and manifestations. Rarely, symptoms of a tooth cyst can manifest with slight discomfort and slight pain during digestion, if a piece of food gets into a sore spot.

The cyst under the tooth makes itself felt only with an increase in its size, when the neoplasm begins to put pressure on the nerve endings and cause painful sensations.

Symptoms of a tooth cyst:

The pain is aching and pulling in nature, with a gradual increase in intensity.

The peculiarity of this pain is that it cannot be stopped with anesthetizing drugs: they either do not help at all, or give an insignificant and short-term effect.

At first, pain appears only while chewing food; as a neoplasm develops, it is constantly present.

Swelling - the gum turns red, swells, becomes hot.

The cheek swells with the gum. An increase in body temperature occurs as a result of infection. The temperature increase is not observed immediately, it increases gradually. Together with the temperature, the general condition worsens, lethargy and drowsiness, aches in the joints and muscles appear. Due to inflammation of the gums and the formation of edema, the pain intensifies and begins to give to the head. Painful sensations affect the entire side of the face on which the cystic mass is located.

The late symptoms of a mature neoplasm are flux and the formation of a purulent focus. A cyst over a tooth appears faster than the internal appearance of the pathology. This is due to the fact that a person constantly injures the neoplasm during chewing food, therefore, its maturation and suppuration occurs faster. With weakened immunity, the accumulation of pus occurs more intensively. At first, a slight pain appears, which suddenly becomes unbearable, the body temperature rises sharply.

Why is a cyst dangerous? The neoplasm increases in size, leading to the destruction of soft and bone tissues. Inflammation of the tooth cyst becomes the cause of diseases such as osteomyelitis and periostitis. The presence of cystic neoplasm in the future leads to: the development of an abscess; the formation of phlegmon on the neck; sepsis; fracture of the jaw bones as a result of the destruction of its bone structure.

The only way to prevent serious complications is to contact the dentist of the "Sa-Na" Clinic in a timely manner when the first symptoms of cystic formation occur and conduct appropriate treatment. A cyst is a serious pathology that can cost a patient life. The same price in our Clinic is quite reasonable for braces and veneers for teeth.